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important historical figures in american history pdf

Important historical figures in us history

Historical Figure

Who was he/ she

Known For

Birth /death place and date

Alexander Hamilton

American statesman

-settling the finances of the American Revolution

-major author of the Federalist papers

- first secretary of the treasury of the United States (1789–95

-Born January 11, 1755/57, Nevis, British West Indies.


-Died July 12, 1804, New York, New York, U.S

Benedict Arnold

Distinguished military leader during the 1st part of the American Revolution

Betraying the American Cause

-Born January 14, 1741, Norwich, Connecticut U.S


-Died June 14, 1801, London, England

Benjamin franklin

American printer, publisher, author,inventor, diplomat, philosopher, and scientist

Experimenting with electricity and developing inventions

-Contributed to the formation of the United States and
representing the country abroad

-Born January 17 January 6, Old Style], 1706, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.


-Died April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.

Cesar Chavez

Mexican American labor leader

-helped improve working and living conditions of migrant farmworkers

-cofounder of UFW labor union

-Born: March 31, 1927, Yuma, Arizona, United States


-Died: April 23, 1993, San Luis, Arizona, United States


Charles Lindbergh

American aviator and engineer

first person to make a nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic

-Born February 4, 1902, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.


-Died August 26, 1974, Maui, Hawaii

crazy horse

chief of the Oglala Sioux

Role played on Native American resistance to the white man's invasion of the northern Great Plains

-Born 1842?, near present-day Rapid City, South Dakota, U.S


-Died September 5, 1877, Fort Robinson, Nebraska

Eleanor Roosevelt

-wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt

American social activist and a diplomat

Dedicating herself to liberal causes and humanitarian issues

Born: October 11, 1884, New York, New York, United States


-Died: November 7, 1962, East 74th Street, New York, United States

Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady worked along with Susan B. Anthony

American social reformer

-activist of antislavery movements

Leading the struggle for woman suffrage (right to vote) in the United States

-Born November 12, 1815, Johnstown, New York, U.S.


-Died October 26, 1902, New York, New York

Elvis Aron Presley


“King of Rock and Roll”

American singer and actor

An early pioneer of rock music

-Born January 8, 1935, Tupelo, Mississippi, U.S.


-Died August 16, 1977, Memphis, Tennessee

Ernest Hemingway

American novelist

Narrating the lives of lost generation of the 1920s and 1930s in his works

-Born July 21, 1899, Cicero [now in Oak Park], Illinois, U.S


-Died July 2, 1961, Ketchum, Idaho

Frederick Douglass

Abolitionist orator

Orator-ship, journalism and anti-slavery leadership activities

-Born February? 1818, Tuckahoe, Maryland, U.S.


-Died February 20, 1895, Washington, D.C.

Sandra day o Connor

associate justice of the U.S Supreme Court

holding the balance of power as a crucial swing vote on abortion, religion,
affirmative action

-Born March 26, 1930, El Paso, Texas, - present

Susan b Anthony

Susan B. Anthony worked along with Elizabeth Cady

American reformer and women's rights advocate

Advocating woman suffrage

-Founded the International Woman Suffrage Alliance in Berlin, Germany

-Born: February 15, 1820, Adams, Massachusetts, United States


-Died: March 13, 1906, Rochester, New York, United States


Harriet Tubman

African American who fled slavery

-scout, spy and nurse for the U.S during the civil war

guiding runaway slaves to freedom in the North for more than a decade

-Born c. 1820, Dorchester county, Maryland, U.S


 -Died March 10, 1913, Auburn, New York

Henry ford

American industrialist

pioneering achievements in the automobile industry

-Born July 30, 1863, Wayne county, Michigan, U.S.


-Died April 7, 1947, Dearborn, Michigan

Jackie Robinson

Black American athlete

breaking the color barrier in major league baseball in 1947

-first black baseball player to play in the American major leagues during the 20th century

-Born January 31, 1919, Cairo, Georgia, U.S


-Died October 24, 1972, Stamford, Connecticut

James Dewey Watson

American biochemist

Discovering the double-helix structure of DNA

Born on April 6, 1928, in Chicago, Illinois- present

John brown

White American abolitionist

Attempting to end slavery by force

-Born: May 9, 1800, Torrington, Connecticut, United States


-Died: December 2, 1859, Charles Town, West Virginia, United States


John h Glenn






United States senator and astronaut

first American astronaut to orbit Earth

-Born July 18, 1921, Cambridge, Ohio, U.S.


-Died December 8, 2016, Columbus, Ohio

John Marshall

American jurist and statesman

developing the power of the United States Supreme Court


-principal founder of the U.S. system of constitutional law.

Born: September 24, 1755, Germantown, Virginia, United States


-Died: July 6, 1835, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States


John Paul Jones

American naval officer

-Defeating and capturing the British warship Serapis off the east coast of England

-an outstanding naval captain during American Revolution

-Born July 6, 1747, Kirkbean, Kirkcudbright, Scotland


-Died July 18, 1792, Paris, France

John smith

English colonizer in North America

Helping to establish Jamestown, Virginia,

the first permanent English settlement in North America

-Born: January 1580, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom


-Died: June 21, 1631, London, United Kingdom


Joseph Raymond McCarthy

American politician

leading a campaign against Communist subversion in the early 1950s


-also known for charging the Department of State of communist

-Born: November 14, 1908, Grand Chute, Wisconsin, United States


-Died: May 2, 1957, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda


John Pierpont Morgan

American investment banker

Helping in preventing a banking panic in 1907 in U.S

-greatest financier figure in the history of the United States Business

-Born: April 17, 1837, Hartford, Connecticut, United States


-Died: March 31, 1913, The St. Regis Rome, Rome, Italy


Louis Armstrong

Nicknamed Satchmo, Pops and Ambassador Satch

jazz, cornet, and trumpet player, singer, and bandleader

pioneering a style known as swing


-Born: August 4, 1901, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States


-Date of death: July 6, 1971


Mark twain


His original was Samuel Langhorne Clemens

American writer and humorist

satirical writing that exposes hypocrisy and corruption

-wrote the novels 'Adventures of Tom Sawyer' and 'Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.’

-Born: November 30, 1835, Florida, Missouri, United States


-Died: April 21, 1910, Redding, Connecticut, United States

Martin Luther king jr

American clergyman and civil rights leader

Leading the civil rights movement in the United States

-Born: January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, United States


-Date of assassination: April 4, 1968

- Died April 4, 1968 (aged 39)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.


Meriwether Lewis

American explorer

first American overland exploration of the West and Pacific Northwest

-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark.

-Born: August 18, 1774, Ivy, Virginia, United States


-Died: October 11, 1809, Nashville, Tennessee, United States


Patrick henry

“Give me liberty or give me death!”

American orator and statesman

leading patriot of the American Revolution

-Born May 29 1736, Studley [Virginia]


-Died June 6, 1799, Red Hill, near Brookneal, Virginia, U.S.)

Robert e lee

Confederate general in the American Civil War

-Battling Union forces in the Civil War

-Encouraging reconciliation and peaceful reunification after
the Civil War

-Born: January 19, 1807, Stratford Hall, Stratford, Virginia, United States


-Died: October 12, 1870, Lexington, Virginia, United States


Rosa parks

African American civil rights activist

refusing to give up her seat to a white man in a bus on December 1, 1955

-Born February 4, 1913, Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.


-Died October 24, 2005, Detroit, Michigan

Thomas Paine

Anglo-American political philosopher

writings which had great influence in the 18th century


-Common Sense pamphlet and the American Crisis papers were important influences on the American Revolution

-Born January 29, 1737, Thetford, Norfolk, England


-Died June 8, 1809, New York, New York, U.S.

Thurgood Marshall

American jurist, lawyer, civil rights activist

As the first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States (1967–91)

- most prominent civil rights lawyer who won the
legal case making segregation in public schools unconstitutional

-Born July 2, 1908, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.


-Died January 24, 1993, Bethesda

Web Dubois

Black American historian and sociologist

Documenting the black experience in America

-Born: February 23, 1868, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, United States


-Died: August 27, 1963, Accra, Ghana


Walt Whitman

In full as Walter Whitman

American poet, essayist, and journalist

-His unorthodox, personal, and dynamic poetic style

-for His many editions of Leaves of Grass

-Born: May 31, 1819, West Hills, New York, United States


-Died: March 26, 1892, Camden, New Jersey, United States


Booker T Washington

Black American educator, influential leader, and spokesman for the black community

-Advocating improvements in the black community through education and
economic self-reliance

-also known as founder of the Tuskegee Institute (now
Tuskegee University) and the National Negro Business League

-Born: April 5, 1856, Hale's Ford, Westlake Corner, Virginia, United States


-Died: November 14, 1915, Tuskegee, Alabama, United States


Thomas Edison

American inventor

-Orator-ship, inventing numerous useful devices, including a practical electric light

bulb and the phonograph

-Born: February 11, 1847, Milan, Ohio, United States


-Died: October 18, 1931, West Orange, New Jersey, United States

Malcolm X

American Muslim minister and human rights activist

controversial advocacy for the rights of blacks

-born May 19, 1925

Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.

Died(assassinated) February 21, 1965 (aged 39)

Manhattan, New York, U.S

Nat Turner

an enslaved African-American mystical preacher

led a two-day rebellion of both enslaved and free black people in Southampton County, Virginia, beginning August 21, 1831.

-Born October 2, 1800

Southampton County, Virginia, U.S.

-Died November 11, 1831 (aged 31)

Jerusalem, Virginia, U.S.

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United states


-preserved the Union during the American Civil War and brought about the emancipation of the slaves.

-Born February 12, 1809, near Hodgenville, Kentucky, U.S.


-Assassinated and Died April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C

George Washington

-first president of the United States (1789–97)


-American general and commander in chief of the colonial armies in the American Revolution

- first president of the United States (1789–97)

- a Founding Father of the United States

-Born February 22 February 11, 1732, Westmoreland county, Virginia U.S.


-Died December 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, Virginia, U.S.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

32nd American president

(1929 to 1933)

-led the United States through the Great Depression and World War II,


- greatly expanding the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Deal. 


-First president to appoint a woman in his cabinet?

Born: January 30, 1882, Hyde Park, New York, United States


Died: April 12, 1945, Roosevelt's Little White House Historic Site, Georgia, United States


Harry Truman

33rd president of the United States

(1945 to 1953)

- dropping the atomic bomb on Japan, ending World War II


-initiating U.S. involvement in the Korean War

-Born: May 8, 1884, Lamar, Missouri, United States


-Died: December 26, 1972, Kansas City, Missouri, United States


Theodore Roosevelt

- 26th president of the United States (1901 to 1909)


-American statesman, politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer

-advocated the limitation of the working hours of women and abolishing child labour

-Born: October 27, 1858, New York city, New York, United States


-Died: January 6, 1919,
Oyster Bay, New York, United States


Ronald Reagan

- American politician


-40th president of the United States (1981 to 1989)


-Hollywood actor

 -union leader

-highly influential voice of modern conservatism

-Born: February 6, 1911, Tampico, Illinois, United States


-Died: June 5, 2004, Bel Air, Los Angeles, California, United States

James Monroe

5th president of the United States (1817–1825),

- Proclaimed the Monroe Doctrine, opposing European intervention in the affairs of nations in
the Western Hemisphere


- He adopted the policy of setting aside land for Native Americans in the Great Plains.

-Born: April 28, 1758, Monroe Hall, Virginia, United States


-Died: July 4, 1831, New York, New York, United States

James Madison

4th president of the United States (1809–1817)

-one of the Founding Fathers of his country


-as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the United States Bill of Rights.

-Born March 16, 1751

Port Conway, Colony of Virginia, British America


-Died June 28, 1836 (aged 85)

Orange, Virginia, U.S.

John f Kennedy

35th president of the United States (1961–63)

-He Created the Peace Corps, a volunteer humanitarian organization, in 1961


-He was the first Roman Catholic president


-youngest presidents to be elected at the age of 44

-managing relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba missile crises

-Born: May 29, 1917, Brookline, Massachusetts, United States


-Died: (assassinated) on November 22, 1963, Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas, United States

Thomas Jefferson

3rd president of the United states (1801–09)

- draftsman of the Declaration of Independence of the United States and the nation's first secretary of state (1789–94)


-responsible for the Louisiana Purchase.


-early advocate of total separation of church and state

-founder and architect of the University of Virginia

Born: April 13, 1743, Shadwell, Virginia, United States


-Died: July 4, 1826, Monticello, Virginia, United States

Andrew Jackson

7th president of the United States (1829–37)

- American soldier and statesman

- general in the United States Army

- sought to advance the rights of the "common man against a corrupt aristocracy and to preserve the Union


- he recognised Texas as an independent republic in 1837

- only president who ever paid off the U.S national debts


- His party promoted the interest of slave holders and this help to slow down the resolution of


-Born March 15, 1767, Waxhaws region, South Carolina [U.S.


-Died June 8, 1845, the Hermitage, near Nashville, Tennessee, U.S

Ulysses s Grant

18th president of the United States (1869 to 1877)


- American soldier, politician


- international statesman

- A general in the U.s Army

- Saved the stock market from collapse in September 1869 by allowing the sale of $4 million in government gold


- President Grant led the Republicans in their efforts to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism, racism, and slavery.

-Born: April 27, 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio, United States

-Died: July 23, 1885, Wilton, New York, United States

John Adams

2nd president of the United States (1797–1801)

-early advocate of American independence from Great Britain

-major figure in the Continental Congress (1774–77)


-author of the Massachusetts constitution(1780)

-signer of the Treaty of Paris (1783)


-John Adams was the first president to live in the white house

-Born: October 30, 1735, Braintree, Massachusetts, United States


-Died: July 4, 1826, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States







A List of  important historical figures in american history

History important people in America is all about people who have contributed to the history of the united states of America in one way or the other. These are people whose ways and activities brought about positive change in the history of the united states of America. These are people who were involved in the American revolution, American civil war, civil rights movement in America, sports, Music, movie acting, dancing, singing, Banking, exploration, freedom fighters and more.  United states of America is a country which has undergone several period of wars, disputes, both between black and whites and the colonies as well.  The success of the united states of America today is based on the aspect of the history important people in America.

The connotation "History important people in America “constitute of the combination of the different races of people who made the history of America to be successful. This includes the native Americans, black and the white people themselves. Immigrants who migrated to the united states played a major role as well in the history of America. Looking at their biographies and background some of them were not American by blood but migrants by generation.

This article will focus on history important people in the united states of America such as Walt Whitman, John Adams, Louis Armstrong, George Washington, John Brown (abolitionist), César Chávez, Crazy Horse, Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, James Monroe, Henry Ford, Benjamin Franklin, John Glenn, Ulysses S. Grant, Alexander Hamilton, Ernest Hemingway, Patrick Henry, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Jefferson, John Paul Jones (naval officer), John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Robert E. Lee, Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Edison, Charles Lindbergh, James Madison, John Marshall (jurist), Thurgood Marshall, Joseph McCarthy (politician), , J. P. Morgan, Thomas Paine, Elvis Presley, Ronald Reagan, Jackie Robinson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, John Smith (colonizer), Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Booker T. Washington, Abraham Lincoln, James Watson and Benedict Arnold. Click on the image above or this link to get the full reading and pdf on history important people in America who also impacted the world.


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